Associate Professor Jamie Seymour

Associate Professor Jamie Seymour or the "Jelly Dude from Nemo land" has been researching and working with venomous and dangerous animals for over 20 yrs with his present interest being "Why do animals have venom?" Based in Cairns, in Northern Australia, an area that has an over abundance of venomous animals, he is uniquely placed to study the ecology and biology of Australia's venomous species. He teaches at all levels at James Cook University, one of the top 5% of research universities in the world with his favourite subject being "Venomous Australian Animals", a subject designed and taught by this effervescent academic. He has been successfully involved in programs designed to decrease the envenomings of humans by jellyfish, namely in Australia, Timor Leste (for the United Nations), Thailand and Hawaii. His research has been directly responsible for changes in the present treatment protocol for Australian jellyfish stings. He established and is the director of the Tropical Australian Venom Research Unit (TASRU) which is now recognised as one of the premier research groups in the world for the studies of the ecology and biology of box jellyfish and research into medical treatment of box jellyfish envenomings.

Contact details

James Cook University, Cairns Campus
Phone: +61 7 4042 1229
Fax: +61 7 4042 1284
Email: email/jamie.seymour)(

Research Interests

However, if you thought Jamie was just a "venom dude" you would be wrong. He has an incredibly wide and varied research history (you could say he is eclectic researcher), having started his research career in entomology, cutting his research teeth on insect parasitoids (think aliens in caterpillars!) and biological control, he has designed and built commercial insectaries for the rearing of beneficial insects for the agricultural trade, led research groups into the wilds of the rainforest in northern Australia, and supervised postgraduate students in a variety of projects, ranging from marine spiders, tropical insects, cane toads, snakes, scorpions, big furry spiders, stone fish and of course jellyfish. He also works in biological control and integrated pest management techniques as well as conducting research on the seasonality of tropical invertebrates.

 He has recently been seduced into the world of sharks by his good mate Richard Fitzpatrick, (who he taught at university many years ago) but he is still in love with invertebrates!

Associate Professor Seymour is a long-standing and leading Australian cubozoan researcher responsible for elucidating the ecology and biology of several of the global medically important cubozoans, not only in Australia, but also international.  He has been successfully involved in programs designed to decrease the envenomings of humans by cubozoans, namely in Australia, Timor Leste (for the United Nations) and Hawaii. His laboratory has extensive skills and experience in the identification of cubozoans and the collection of venoms from these animals. He has also provided seminal papers on the efficacy of various first aide treatments for cnidarian envenomings and has been directly responsible for changes in the present treatment protocol for Australian cnidarian stings. A/Professor Seymour's lab has developed a new and novel technique for the extraction of venoms from cnidarians.  This technique is now widely regarded as the most appropriate way to extract cnidarian venoms and removes the vast majority of problems with the older methods.  He has published >70 international refereed publications on the ecology and biology of cubozoans and other invertebrates, medical treatment of cnidarian envenomings and venoms/toxins. A/Professor Seymour's laboratory is the only facility in the world that supplies regular and consistent quantities of venoms from Australian cubozoans.

In 1998 A/Professor Seymour established the Tropical Australian Venom Research Unit which is now recognised as one of the premier laboratories in the world for the studies of the ecology and biology and medical treatment of cubozoans and other venomous marine creatures

His research on cubozoans and other venomous and dangerous animals has featured on such media channels as National Geographic, Discovery Channel and Animal planet, resulting in his direct involvement in over 20 international documentaries, two of which were 1 hr specials based around his research, namely on cubozoans and the 2nd on global venomous animals. 

Research Centres of Excellence

Associate Professor Seymour is a joint program leader with Professor Loukas in the Biodiscovery arm of the Centre for Biodiscovery and Molecular Development of Therapeutics.

Please click here for more information.

Recent and Current Projects Include

  • Seasonality in tropical invertebrates, particularly the cues responsible for diapause initiation and termination. Current projects include diapause in the butterfly Euploea core (Common Australian Crow butterfly)
  • Modelling changes in populations of tropical invertebrates, with particular emphasis in tropical cubozoans.
  • General ecology of tropical invertebrates with emphasis on tropical insects such as the White Kneed Cricket.
  • Relationship between venom toxicity and prey in tropical invertebrates such as cubozoans.
  • Applied Entomology, PFF and bio control
  • Insect / plant interactions



BZ3735/BZ5735 Venomous Australian Animals


Selected Publications

1)         Wueringer, B.E., Peverell, S.C., Seymour, J.E., Squire, L., Kajiura, S.M., & Collin, S.P., 2011. Sensory Systems in Sawfishes. 1. The Ampullae of Lorenzini. Brain, Behavour and Evolution.

2)         Wueringer, B.E., Peverell, S.C, Seymour, J.E., Squire, L., & Collin, S.P., 2011. Sensory Systems in Sawfishes. 2. The Lateral Line. Brain, Behaviour and Evolution.

3)         Fitzpatrick, R., Abrantes, K., Seymour, J.E., & Barnett, Adam., 2011. Variation in depth of whitetip shark reef sharks: does provisioning ecotourism change their behaviour? Coral Reefs. 30(3):569-577.

4)         Pintor, A., Krockenberger, A., & Seymour, J.E. 2010. Venom Physiology in a Litter of Common Death Adders (Acanthophis antarcticus) and their Parents. Toxicon. 57(1):68-75.

5)         Pintor, A., Krockenberger, A., & Seymour, J.E. 2010. Costs of Venom Production In The Common Death Adder. Toxicon. 56(6):1035-1042

6)         Sachlikidis, N.G., Jones, C.M., & Seymour, J.E. 2010. The Effects of Temperature on the Incubation of Eggs of the Tropical Rock Lobster Panulirus ornatus. Aquaculture. 305: 79-83

7)         Pereira, P., Barry, J., Corkeron, M., Keir, P., Little, M., & Seymour, J.E. 2010. Intracerebral Hemorrhage and Death after Envenoming by the Jellyfish Carukia barnesi Death due to Irukandji Syndrome. Clinical Toxicology48(4):390-392

8)         Winter, K,L., Isbister, G.K., McGowan, S., Konstantakopoulos, N., Seymour, J.E., & Hodgson, W.C. 2010 A Pharmacological and Biochemical Examination of the Geographical Variation of Chironex fleckeri Venom Toxicology Letters, Volume 192, Issue 3, Pages 419-424.

9)         O'Shea,O., Kingsford, M.J., & Seymour, J.E. 2010. 'Tide-Related Periodicity of Manta Rays and Sharks to Cleaning Stations on Coral Reefs'. Marine and Freshwater Research . 61(1): 65-73  

10)       Riggs, D., Peverell, S.C., & Seymour, J.E. 2009 Do Elasmobranch Reactions to Magnetic Fields in Water Show Promise for Bycatch Mitigation??'  Marine and Freshwater Research 60(9):942-948

11)       Konstantakopoulos, N., Isbister, G.K., Seymour, J.E., & Hodgson, W.C. 2009. A Cell-Based Assay for Screening of Antidotes to, and Antivenom Against Chironex fleckeri (box jellyfish) Venom. Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods 59 (3):166-170

12)       Peplow, L.M., Kingsford, M.J., Seymour, J.E., & Van Oppen, M.J.H. Eight Microsatellite Loci for the Irukandji Syndrome-Causing Carybdeid Jellyfish, Carukia barnesi (Cubozoa, Cnidaria). Molecular Ecology Resources, 9(2):670-672.

13)       Gordon, M.R., & Seymour, J.E. 2009 Quantifying Movement Patterns Of The Tropical Australian Cubozoan Chironex fleckeri Using Acoustic Telemetry. Hydrobiologia 206:87-97

14)       Winter, K.L., Isbister, G.K., Schneider, J.J., Konstantakopoulos, N., Seymour, J.E., & Hodgson, W.C. 2008. An Examination of the Cardiovascular Effects Of An 'Irukandji' Jellyfish, Alatina nr mordensToxicon Letters 179(3):118-123.

15)       Winter, K.L., Fernando, R., Ramasamy, S., Isbister, G.K., Seymour, J.E., & Hodgson, W.C., 2007. The In Vitro Vascular Effects of Two Chirodropid (Chironex fleckeri And Chiropsella bronzie) Venoms. Toxicology Letters. 168(1):13-20  

16)       Winter, K.L., Isbister, G.K., Seymour, J.E., & Hodgson, W.C. 2007. An In Vivo Examination of the Stability of Venom from The Australian Box Jellyfish Chironex fleckeri. Toxicon. 49(6):804-809

17)       Garm, A., Coates, M.M., Gad, R., Seymour, J.E., Nilsson, D.E. 2007 The Lens Eyes of the Box Jellyfish Tripedalia cystophora And Chiropsalmus sp. Are Slow And Color-Blind. Journal Of Comparative Physiology A-Neuroethology Sensory Neural And Behavioral Physiology.  193(5):547-557

18)       Underwood, A., Seymour, J.E. 2007. Venom Ontogeny, Diet And Morphology In Carukia barnesi, A Species Of Australian Box Jellyfish That Causes Irukandji Syndrome. Toxicon. 49(8):1073-1082  

19)       Little, M., Pereira, P., Carrette, T., & Seymour, J.E. 2006. Jellyfish Responsible For Irukandji Syndrome. QJM-An International Journal Of Medicine. 99(6):425-427  

20)      Coughlan, J.P., Seymour, J.E., & Cross, T.F. 2006. Isolation And Characterisation Of Seven Polymorphic Microsatellite Loci in The Box Jellyfish (Chironex fleckeri, Cubozoa, Cnidaria). Molecular Ecology Notes. 6(1):41-43

21)       Loten, C., Stokes, B., Worsley, D., Seymour, J.E., Jiang, S., & Isbister, G.K. 2006. Randomised Controlled Trial Of Hot Water (45 Degrees C) Immersion Versus Ice Packs For Pain Relief in Bluebottle StingsMedical Journal Of Australia. 184(7):329-333

22)       Canzano, A.A., Krockenberger, A.A., Jones, R.E., Seymour, J.E.  2006. Rates of Metabolism In Diapausing And Reproductively Active Tropical Butterflies, Euploea core And E. sylvester (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Physiol Entomol. 31(2):184-189

23)       Carrette, T., & Seymour, J.E. 2006. Cardiotoxic Effects of Venom From Chironex fleckeri And Chiropsalmus sp On An Invertebrate Model.  Journal Of Venomous Animals And Toxins Including Tropical Diseases. 12(2):245-254

24)       Cameron S., Pereira P., Mulcahy, R., & Seymour, J.E. 2005. Helicopter Primary Retrieval: Tasking Who Should do it? Emerg Med Australia. 17(4):387-91.

25)       Stone, R. & Seymour, J.E. 2005. Plastic Containers And the Whole Blood Clotting Test; Glass Remains The Best Option. Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 100(12):1168-1172

26)       Edwards, W., Seymour, J.E., K. Pritchard & P. Brock. 2005. Egg Production Across a 40-Week Period in the Phasmid Sipyloidea Sp. (Diapheromeridae) From a Tropical Rain Forest, North Queensland, Australia. Australian Journal Of Entomology.  44:364-368  Part: 4  

27)       Kintner, A, Edwards, S., & Seymour, J.E. 2005. Variation in Lethality and Effects of Two Australian Chirodropid Jellyfish Venoms, Chironex fleckeri And Chiropsalmus sp., In Fish.  Toxicon. 46(6):699-708

28)       Ramasamy, S., Isbister, G.K., Seymour, J.E., & Hodgson, W.C. 2005  The In Vivo Cardiovascular Effects Of The Irukandji Jellyfish (Carukia barnesi) Nematocyst Venom and a Tentacle Extract in Rats Toxicology Letters, 155(1):135-14

29)       Shorten, M., Davenport, J., Seymour, J.E., Cross, M., Carrette, T., Woodward, G., & Cross, T.F. 2005.  Kinematic Analysis of Swimming in Australian Box Jellyfish - Chiropsalmus sp. and Chironex fleckeri (Cubozoa, Cnidaria, Chirodropidae). Journal Of Zoology 267: 371-380 Part 4

30)       Gordon, M., Hatcher, C., & Seymour, J.E. 2005. Growth and Age Determination of the Tropical Australian Cubozoan Chiropsalmus sp.  Hydrobiologia 530-31:339-345

31)       Sachlikidis N.G., Jones C.M., & Seymour, J.E. 2005. Reproductive Cues in Panulirus OrnatusAustralian And New Zealand Journal Of Marine And Freshwater Ecology 39(2):305-310

32)       Winter, K.L., Isbister, G.K., Jacoby, T., Seymour. J.E., & Hodgson, W.C. 2009. An In Vivo Comparison of the Efficacy of CSL Box Jellyfish Antivenom with Antibodies Raised Against Ematocyst-Derived Chironex fleckeri Venom. Toxicology Letters, 187(2):94-98

33)       Seymour, J.E., Carrette, T., & Sutherland, P. 2004. Do Box Jellyfish Sleep at Night? Med J Aust., 118:707

34)       Isbister G.K., Volschenk, E.S., & Seymour, J.E., 2004. Scorpion Stings in Australia: Five Definite Stings And A Review. Intern Med J.; 34(7):427-30.

35)       Ramasamy S, Isbister Gk, Seymour J.E., Hodgson Wc. 2004 The In Vivo Cardiovascular Effects of Box Jellyfish Chironex fleckeri Venom in Rats: Efficacy of Pre-Treatment with Antivenom, Verapamil and Magnesium Sulphate. Toxicon; 43(6):685-690.

36)       Carrette, T., & Seymour, J.E., 2004. A Rapid and Repeatable Method for Venom Extraction from Cubozoan Nematocysts.  Toxicon. 44: 135-139

37)       Nordström, K., Wallén, R., Seymour, J.E., & Nilsson, D. 2003.  A Simple Visual System Without Neurons in Jellyfish Larvae. Proc R Soc Lond B Biol Sci.; 270(1531):2349-54.

38)       Anderson, K., Rowe, R., & Seymour, J.E. 2003. The Influence of a Dorsal Trash-Package on Interactions Between Larvae of Mallada signata (Schneider) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Aust. J. Entom. 42:363-366.

39)       Isbister, G.K., Seymour, J.E., Gray, M.R., & Raven, R.J. 2003. Bites by Spiders of the Family Theraphosidae in Humans and Canines. Toxicon, 41(4):519-524

40)       Canzano, A., Jones, R., & Seymour, J.E. 2003. Diapause Termination In Two Species of Tropical Butterfly, Euploea core (Cramer) and Euploea sylvester (Fabricius)(Lepidoptera:Nymphalidae).  J. Aust. Entom.42;352-356.

41)       Ramasamy, S, Isbister, G.K, Seymour, J.E., & Hodgson, W.C. 2003. The In Vitro Effects of Two Chirodropid (Chironex fleckeri And Chiropsalmus sp.) Venoms: Efficacy of Box Jellyfish Antivenom.  Toxicon. 41(6):703-711.

42)       Carrette, P. Cullen, Little, M., Pereira. P., & Seymour, J.E. 2002 Temperature Effects on Box Jellyfish Venom: a Possible Treatment for Envenomed Patients? MJA 177:654-655

43)       Carrette, T., Alderlsade, P., & Seymour, J.E. 2002. Nematocyst ratio and prey in two Australian cubomedusans, Chironex fleckeri and Chiropsalmus sp. Toxicon. 40(11):1547-1551

44)       Seymour, J.E., Carrette, T., Cullen, P., Mulcahy, R., Little, M., & Pereira, P.  2002. The Use of Pressure Immobilization Bandages in the First Aid Management of Cubozoan Envenomings.  Toxicon. 40(10):1503-1505

45)       Pieloor M. and J.E. Seymour. 2001. Factors determining initiation of over wintering in the topical butterfly Hypolimnus bolina. In Press Australian Journal of Entomology, 2001.

46)       Seymour J.E. and R.E. Jones. 2001 Instar and host species preference displayed by Microplitis demolitor. In Press, Australian Journal of Entomology.

47)       Pereira. P, T. Carrette, P. Cullen, R. Mulcahy, M. Little & J. Seymour 2001. Letter to editor: Reply to Pressure immobilisation bandages in first aid treatment of jellyfish envenomation: current recommendations reconsidered. Medical Journal of Australia. Vol 174:12. 666-667

48)       J.Seymour & P. Sutherland. Box jellyfish. 2001 Australian Natural History (Australian Museum publication).

49)       Pereira. P, T. Carrette, P. Cullen, R. Mulcahy, M. Little & J. Seymour. 2000 Pressure immobilisation bandages in first aid treatment of jellyfish envenomation: current recommendations reconsidered. Medical Journal of Australia, Vol 173:11/12 650-653.

50)       Seymour J.E. and R. E. Jones. 2000 Humidity terminated diapause in the tropical braconid Microplitis demolitor. Ecological Entomology 25:1-5.

51)       Seymour, J.E. & K. Abbott. 1998. Malathion/methyl eugenol trapping for Papaya fruit fly in tropical rainforests of north Queensland: Its effects on native insect fauna and possible pathways for environmental contamination. 81pp. Referred report for DPI, Cairns.

52)       Huber, P., H.A.C. Fay, D.P.A. Sands & J.E. Seymour 1998. Seasonality of fruit piecing moths in north Queensland with special reference to the principal pest species, Eudocima fullonia. In Zalucki, M., R. Drew & G. White. Pest Management- Future challenges. University of Queensland printery.

53)       Rice A., I. Cook & J. Seymour 1997. Feeding rates, economic threshold levels and tree response in macadamias when attacked by Amblypelta sp and Nezara viridula 16pp. Refereed report for CRC for Tropical Pest Management

54)       Seymour J. E., E. Volschenk & B. Scott. 1995. Record of the scorpion Liocheles karschii from North East Queensland. Memoir's of the Queensland Museum. 38(2):532.

55)       Seymour J.E. and G.J. Bowman. 1994. Russet Coloration in Nezara viridula: an unreliable indicator of diapause. Environ. Entomol. 23(4):860-863

56)       Seymour, J.E. Trichogramma production in Australia 1994 pp 9. in Workshop report: Use of Trichogramma as a Biocontrol Agent in Australia. Cooperative Research Centre for Tropical Pest Management, Brisbane, Australia. 54pp.

57)       Seymour J.E. and D.P.A. Sands., 1993. Green Vegetable Bug, (Nezara viridula), in Australia Pecans. pp 226-229: In Pest Control and Sustainable Agriculture. Edited by S. Corey, D. Dall and W. Milne.

58)       Madden G., J. Dodd, M. Crouch and J. Seymour. 1992. Pecans down under. Pecan South 25(10):20-23.


web design by precedence